Oral cancer-causing HPV may spread through oral and genital routes

Research and Discovery

Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infections were more common among men who had female partners with oral and/or genital HPV infection, suggesting that the transmission of HPV occurs via oral-oral and oral-genital routes, according to a McGill University study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Total recall: Science or science fiction?

Research and Discovery

Is it possible to change the amount of information the brain can store? Maybe, according to a new international study led by the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC). Their research has identified a molecule that puts a brake on brain processing and when removed, brain function and memory recall is improved. Published in the latest issue of Cell Reports, the study has implications for neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases, such as autism spectral disorders and Alzheimer’s disease.

Long-term benefits of popular diets are less than evident

Research and Discovery

Research conducted at the Lady Davis Institute concludes there is insufficient, and conflicting, data to determine if popular diets such as Atkins, South Beach, Weight Watchers, and Zone are more beneficial for weight loss and heart health

Study sheds light on genetic architecture of kidney cancer

Research and Discovery

A new study on a large cohort of kidney cancer patients in Europe sheds light on the genetic architecture of the disease — and reveals an apparent link between exposure to aristolochic acid and incidence of kidney cancer, particularly in Romania.

Lowering cholesterol early is key to preventing aortic valve disease – MUHC researchers

Research and Discovery

An international research team led by the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre and Lund University has provided new evidence that aortic valve disease may be preventable. The findings show that so-called “bad” cholesterol or low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) is a cause of aortic valve disease – a serious heart condition that affects around five million people in North America and is the most common cause for valve replacement.

Why your brain makes you reach for junk food

Research and Discovery

Will that be a pizza for you or will you go for a salad? Choosing what you eat is not simply a matter of taste, conclude scientists in a new study at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital of McGill University and the McGill University Health Centre. As you glance over a menu or peruse the shelves in a supermarket, your brain is making decisions based more on a food’s caloric content.

Osteoporosis treatment may also benefit breast cancer patients

Research and Discovery

Treatment approaches to reduce the risk of bone complications (metastasis) associated with breast cancer may be one step closer to becoming a reality. According to a study led by a team at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, findings show that medication used to treat bone deterioration in post-menopausal women may also slow skeletal metastasis caused from breast cancer.

DNA signature found in ice storm babies

Research and Discovery

The number of days an expectant mother was deprived of electricity during Quebec’s Ice Storm (1998) predicts the epigenetic profile of her child, a new study finds. Scientists from the Douglas Mental Health University Institute and McGill have detected a distinctive ‘signature’ in the DNA of children born in the aftermath of the massive Quebec ice storm.

Microplastic pollution discovered in St. Lawrence River sediments

Research and Discovery

Previously undocumented in North American rivers, concentrations of microplastic particles found in the St. Lawrence have proven to be as high as in the world’s most contaminated ocean sediments.

Reducing water scarcity possible by 2050

Research and Discovery

Increased water-recycling and improved irrigation techniques are among six strategies identified as key to successfully reducing global water scarcity.